Often, the period may seem like an inconvenience, what with all the blood, the need to change pads regularly, and the physical symptoms such as pain, bloating, and moodiness. However, a regular period is in fact a very good sign that you are healthy, and that your body is ready for pregnancy. This regular occurrence every 21 to 35 days will continue until you reach menopause.
What Happens During the Period?
During your period, your uterus is discarding the mucus membrane that had been used to thicken its walls in preparation for an embryo, along with the unfertilized egg. The period is also a signal to your ovaries to start ovulating once again. This process involves the release of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, which is why you may feel symptoms such as increased stress and irritability. While discarding the unused lining, the uterus muscles contract, which may cause some cramping in the lower abdomen and pelvic region. Once your ovaries have released a new egg, it detaches itself and moves down one of the fallopian tubes. At this point, your uterus is ready to receive an embryo. If the sperm fertilizes the egg, then the egg travels to the uterus. If not, the body, specifically the uterus, gets a signal to discard the unfertilized egg and the uterus lining, and your period starts again. You need to use pads in order to protect your clothes from getting stained, and staying clean and dry.
What Pads should you Use?
There are pads available in varying levels of thickness, depending on the volume of your flow and the phase of the period you are in. The start is usually light, and becomes heavier, tapering off towards the end. Your period can last anywhere from three to seven days.
1. Liners are thin pads that can be used at the start and during the end of your period, when the flow is very light. You can also use the liner in case you experience any bleeding in between.
2. Ultras are thin towels that can be used by women who have a comparatively light flow. They come in various lengths, with and without wings.
3. Maxis are thicker than ultras, and can be used by women who have comparatively heavier periods. They also come in various lengths, and with and without wings.